One of the top necessities for all the human beings is water. However, it is essential that we use water that is clean and safe. One of the water issues that carry an impact not only for our health, but also for the life of our home appliances and plumbing is hard water. An appliance that helps to solve this issue is a water softener. It’s a system that works through a chemical process and makes the hard water soft. But how do you determine the right type of water softener for your home? Read below for advice.
The water is considered to be hard if it contains a high level of minerals. The minerals that make it hard are calcium and magnesium. First thing you should do before starting to look for a water softener is determine if you do have hard water and what is its level.
One simple way to see if you have hard water problems in your home is with the use of a bottle and some liquid soap. Shake up a half-filled water bottle and then spill it out. Fill it again half way with water and also add 5-6 drops of any liquid soap, can be dish washing soap. Screw on the cap and give the bottle a second round of shaking it up. After a good shake, remove the cap. If you see the bottle full of foam and it’s overflowing through the cap, your water does not have hardness issues. On the other hand, if all you see is soapy film, the water is hard.
An alternative option for testing water hardness is with the help of a test kit. They usually use strips and can tell you both if the water is hard and its level.
After determining that the water you use is actually hard, the next step is calculating the capacity of water usage in your home. The average water usage is 80 gallons per person. So multiply your household members by 80 and you will have the number of gallons you consume daily.
The next calculation involves the hardness level of the water. This will help you to understand the needed capacity of the water softening system. It’s usually measured in grains that need to be removed. You can find out the amount
of hardness using a special test kit or take the average number, which is 10 grains per gallon. So for the final calculation you need to multiply 10 by the total number of gallons that you daily consume. The result is the total amount of grains that you will need for the water softener to filter. According to this number you will need to look for a water softener with the right capacity. Knowing the capacity, start looking for different types of water softening systems.
Main Types of Water Softening Systems
These units are equipped with a timer that you can set for regeneration after each particular period of time based on your daily water usage. Most of these systems usually use salt or potassium chloride for the regeneration and for each process it uses about 8 pounds of salt. Meter regenerated. The system of these units first analyzes your household’s water usage and then adjusts the regeneration to fit it. This option is more
efficient compared to the previous system. It regenerates only when needed. Thus saving water waste and salt usage. It’s the most popular choice among buyers.
These units come without a timer or meter. The regeneration is activated using a simple level. So you regenerate the water softener only when you want to. It’s a good option for those that don’t have a
drain where they could place the water softener. In this case, when regenerating, you will need to attach a garden hose and find a drain.